Colon Resection Surgery
Colon resection surgery, also known as colectomy, is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of part or all of the colon. The colon, also called the large intestine, is an important part of the digestive system that helps to absorb water and nutrients from food. This surgery is performed when a person has a serious condition affecting their colon, such as colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), diverticulitis, or bowel obstruction.
The symptoms that can be treated with colon resection surgery depend on the condition being treated. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain or cramping
- Bloody stools
- Changes in bowel habits
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Weight loss
There are different types of colon resection surgery depending on the extent of the colon that needs to be removed:
- Partial colectomy: This involves the removal of part of the colon.
- Total colectomy: This involves the removal of the entire colon.
- Proctocolectomy: This involves the removal of both the colon and rectum.
After colon resection surgery, patients typically stay in the hospital for several days to a week. The recovery time can vary depending on the type of surgery and the individual's overall health, but it can take several weeks to several months to fully recover.
As with any surgery, there are risks associated with colon resection surgery, including:
- Blood clots
- Bowel obstruction
- Leakage from the reconnected bowel